Bioenergy Carbon Capture and Storage (BECCS) scaling potential in consideration of planetary boundaries

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Project Description

Emission 2050 (NZE2050) scenario derived demand of dedicated short rotation woody crops or as substitution Miscanthus and Switchgrass for negative emissions, bioenergy, and biofuel in consideration of planetary boundaries until 2030 and 2050. The starting point will be planned CCUS projects and their specifications of bioenergy crops as feedstock. The analysis considering the planetary boundaries and leading to defined cultivation areas will be orientated on the selected CCUS projects and extrapolated to the demand levels of negative emissions, bioenergy and biofuels of the EU referring to the NZE2050. The VSRP student will review literature and underling assumptions of models and simulations, provide a data and model architecture overview and might also adjust existing scenarios for own simulation.
Program - Chemical Engineering
Division - Physical Sciences and Engineering
Faculty Lab Link - http://cpc.kaust.edu.sa
Center Affiliation - Clean Combustion Research Center
Field of Study - Earth Science - Integrated Geography, Environmental Geography

About the
Researcher

Mani Sarathy

Associate Professor, Chemical and Biological Engineering<br/>Associate Director, Clean Combustion Research Center

Mani Sarathy
Professor Sarathy's research interest is in developing sustainable energy technologies with decreased net environmental impact. A major thrust of research is simulating the combustion chemistry of transportation fuels. He develops fundamental chemical kinetic models that can be used to simulate fuel combustion and pollutant formation in energy systems. Engine designers then use these chemical kinetic models to achieve various performance targets using computational simulations. In addition, these models can be used to determine how the chemical structure of a fuel affects pollutant formation.

Professor Sarathy's research in combustion chemistry modeling includes quantum chemistry based kinetic rate calculations, comprehensive mechanism development, combustion cyberinfrastructure development, computer generated detailed and reduced mechanisms, and simulation of multi-dimensional reacting flows.

In addition, he obtains data from fundamental combustion experiments to elucidate reaction pathways of combustion, and to generate experimental data needed to validate detailed chemical kinetic models. These experimental techniques include perfectly stirred reactors, plug flow reactors, and diffusion flames. The chemistry in these reactors is probed using advanced analytical chemistry techniques such as molecular beam time-of-flight mass spectrometry, laser absorption spectroscopy, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, and a variety of gas and liquid chromatography methods.

The goal of Professor Sarathy's research is study conventional and alternative fuels (e.g., biofuels, synthetic fuels, etc.), so the environmental impact of combustion systems can be reduced. He also applies chemical kinetics expertise to study a wide range of chemical engineering systems including biomass energy, catalysis, and drinking water treatment.

Desired Project Deliverables

Do models and simulations, underlying NZE2050, match with observations in the real world? Are planetary boundaries taken into account sufficiently? Can planetary boundaries be attributed to the supply chain of CCUS projects and results be transferred into a model? Can resulting cultivation areas be scaled regarding the EUs’ NZE2050 scenario demand?

RECOMMENDED STUDENT ACADEMIC & RESEARCH BACKGROUND

Earth Science
Earth Science
Engineering
Engineering
Planetary Science
Planetary Science