Broadband Transparent Front Electrodes for Perovskite Silicon Tandem Solar CellsApply
This project is focusing on developing novel transparent electrodes for perovskite/silicon tandem solar cells whichare anemerging class of solar cells technology. Perovskite/silicon tandem solar cellsaim to achieve the power conversion efficiencies beyond the single junction limit of the silicon solar cells. Towards this end, developinghighly transparent electrodes are critical for the maximized light harvesting since parasitic absorption loses originating from the transparent conductive oxides causes drastic current losses. In this project, the deposition of the novel transparent conductive oxides will be performed the sputtering technique. The candidate will gain experience on the structural, optical and electrical and characterization of the thin films. Moreover, the candidate will have experience in the fabrication and characterization of the perovskite/silicon tandem solar cells to test the developed materials. Why we need broadband transparent electrodes on perovskite/silicon tandem solar cells?In perovskite/silicon tandem solar cells, the perovskite top cell efficiently harvests the blue part of the solar spectrum, while transmitting the red part, which is absorbed in the silicon bottom cell. In this way, the tandems can overcome the single-junction efficiency limit of silicon solar cells. However, parasitic absorption losses originating from the transparent electrodes hinders the light harvesting. Typically, a front transparent electrode in any solar cell has a sufficiently large (>3 eV) optical band gap to avoid absorption losses in the visible range of the spectrum. This requirement is already fulfilled by several TCOs such as ITO, IZO, and IO: H. For perovskite/silicon tandem solar cells, transparent electrodes with low absorptance in the NIR‐IR part of the spectrum are required since these devices use optical absorbers that are active in this range of the spectrum. Towards reaching >30% photoconversion efficiency, designing transparent electrodes with exceptionally large broadband transparency carriers critical importance. References Morales‐Masis, M., De Wolf, S., Woods‐Robinson, R., Ager, J. W., & Ballif, C. (2017). Transparent electrodes for efficient optoelectronics. Advanced Electronic Materials, 3(5), 1600529.
Program - Materials Science & Engineering
Division - Physical Sciences and Engineering
Center Affiliation - KAUST Solar Center
Field of Study - Solar Cells
Stefaan De Wolf
Professor, Material Science and Engineering<br/>Interim Associate Director, KAUST Solar Center.<br/>Chair, Material Science and Engineering Program<br/>
Stefaan De Wolf's expertise lies in the science and technology of photovoltaics for terrestrial applications. His research focuses on the fabrication of high-efficiency silicon-based solar cells, with specific attention to the fundamental understanding of interface structures and electrical contact formation, relevant to solar cells and electronic devices.
He is also interested in new device architectures and applications, such as back-contacted solar cells and silicon-based multi-junction solar cells, aimed at the improved utilization of the full solar spectrum for electricity generation. A prime example of these devices are perovskite-silicon tandem solar cells.
Desired Project Deliverables
Optimization of the sputtering parameters of H:In2O3 and IZO transparent electrodesOptical and electrical characterization of the fabricated films Achieving <20 ohm/sq. sheet resistivity for 1000 nm thickness together with broadband transparency (<10% absorbance within this region).Exploring new TCO by metal doping of In2O3