Fano Resonant Gas Sensors


Project Description

One of the most important global issues as classified by the United Nations is related to health. And one way to help mitigating this concern consists in developing precise and low cost sensors for toxic gas to avoid contamination and help in saving human lives. In this vein, the demand of the gas sensors is increasing in the fields of environmental monitoring, oil and gas, automotive, building safety, and also in the house hold consumer market. A fresh approach is therefore imminent to design low cost, efficient and sensitive gas detection systems. In this internship, we propose a new class of the nano-particle impregnated integrated gas sensors based on the microwave Fano resonances. In fact, greenhouse gases have refractive indexes values close to that of the air which makes them very difficult to differentiate. Hence, the Fano-resonance, which is known for its high sensitivity, can be exploited to resolve the properties of these gases. Moreover, when the Fano-resonance occurs in the presence of nanomaterials, its sensitivity is much enhanced leading to ultra-sensitive gas sensors. The proposed sensors are targeted to detect and measure the concentration of the H2S, NOx, SOx and CO2 gases, commonly found in the oil wells.  Recommended Student Academic & Research Background:Physics, optics, Electromagnetics, Electrical engineering, computational methods ​ ​
Program - Electrical Engineering
Division - Computer, Electrical and Mathematical Sciences and Engineering
Field of Study - Physics, Photonics, Electrical Engineering ​​

About the

Khaled Nabil Salama

Professor, Electrical and Computer Engineering<br/>Associate Dean, Computer, Electrical and Mathematical Science and Engineering

Khaled Nabil Salama
​Professor Salama's research interests cover a variety of interdisciplinary aspects of electronic circuit design and semiconductors' fabrication. He is engaged in developing devices, circuits, systems, and algorithms to enable inexpensive analytical platforms for a variety of industrial, environmental, and biomedical applications. Recently he has been working on neuromorphic circuits for brain emulation.

Desired Project Deliverables

​Objectives: Learn the basics of plasmonics and light-matter interaction at the nanoscale; understand the mechanism of Fano resonance and its potential use for sensing purposes; Deliverables: model a sensor based on the concept of Fano resonance and test its efficiency in detecting toxic gas.